Significant Payday Loans Info That Everyone Ought To Know

Get fast $ 200 in box loans.com Las Vegas Nevada no fax Get $700 tonight fast wire transfer. You can also apply instant $ 500 in box loans.com El Paso, TX no checking account .
Money… Sometimes it is a 5-notice word! If money is some thing, you will need even more of, you might like to look at a payday loan. Prior to jump in with the two ft, make sure you are generating the most effective decision for your situation. These write-up consists of information you may use when contemplating a cash advance.
Before you apply for a payday advance have your documentation to be able this will help the money company, they will likely require evidence of your wages, so they can evaluate what you can do to pay for the borrowed funds again. Handle things much like your W-2 develop from operate, alimony monthly payments or proof you will be acquiring Sociable Security. Get the best circumstance possible for your self with suitable documents.
Before you decide to choose a payday loan lender, be sure to appear them track of the BBB’s web site. There are several unethical businesses who will be ready to fraud individuals who are in serious need of guidance. Do your homework to ensure your payday advance firm has a good reputation.
If you’re nearing the time as soon as your pay day loan has to be repaid, however they are brief on cash, check with the company to provide you with an extension. Payday advance businesses may possibly offer you a few working day extensions. Fully grasp, nonetheless, you will probably have to spend attention.
Understand that cash advance cons can be found. Many people may possibly imagine to become as when they are a payday loan company, nonetheless they only want to acquire your money and work. Once you’ve narrowed your options as a result of a number of businesses, have a look in the BBB’s website at better business bureau.org.
Before you take out that payday advance, make sure you do not have other options available to you. Online payday loans may cost you plenty in costs, so any other substitute could be a far better remedy for your general financial circumstances. Check out your mates, family as well as your financial institution and credit union to determine if you will find some other prospective alternatives you may make.
Regardless that you are required to meet up with a number of criteria and fill out a great deal of documents to get a payday loan, don’t just accept the process like every other consumer. Tend not to wait to question to talk with a manager and tire and deal to have far better terminology. Sometimes, companies are willing to make a deal in order to take care of your enterprise.
Be suspicious associated with a pay day loan firm which is not entirely at the start using their rates and fees, along with the timetable for pay back. Payday loan companies that don’t give you all the details at the start ought to be eliminated since they are probable ripoffs.
Steer clear of taking out a payday advance unless of course it is definitely an emergency. The exact amount that you simply pay in interest is quite large on these sorts of lending options, therefore it is not worth every penny in case you are buying one to have an every day explanation. Get yourself a bank financial loan should it be something which can wait around for a time.
An excellent suggestion for any individual looking to take out a cash advance is usually to avoid providing your details to lender corresponding web sites. Some cash advance websites match you with loan providers by sharing your details. This could be really high-risk and in addition direct to many spammy e-mail and undesired cell phone calls.
Paying down a cash advance as quickly as possible is always the easiest way to go. Paying it well immediately is always a very important thing to perform. Financing your loan by way of numerous extensions and paycheck periods allows the interest rate time and energy to bloat the loan. This will rapidly set you back repeatedly the total amount you lent.
Go through each of the fine print on everything you read through, indicator, or may well indication in a payday loan company. Inquire about something you do not fully grasp. Measure the self confidence of your solutions offered by the employees. Some basically browse through the motions all day long, and had been qualified by someone undertaking exactly the same. They may not know all the small print them selves. In no way be reluctant to call their cost-totally free customer care quantity, from in the retail store for connecting to someone with solutions.
Past expected and past due charges can create intensive sensations of hopelessness and lose faith. This article has possibly given the important information to produce the wisest economic decision you can such serious conditions.

Significant Payday Loans Info That Everyone Ought To Know

Get fast $ 200 in box loans.com Las Vegas Nevada no fax Get $700 tonight fast wire transfer. You can also apply instant $ 500 in box loans.com El Paso, TX no checking account .
Money… Sometimes it is a 5-notice word! If money is some thing, you will need even more of, you might like to look at a payday loan. Prior to jump in with the two ft, make sure you are generating the most effective decision for your situation. These write-up consists of information you may use when contemplating a cash advance.
Before you apply for a payday advance have your documentation to be able this will help the money company, they will likely require evidence of your wages, so they can evaluate what you can do to pay for the borrowed funds again. Handle things much like your W-2 develop from operate, alimony monthly payments or proof you will be acquiring Sociable Security. Get the best circumstance possible for your self with suitable documents.
Before you decide to choose a payday loan lender, be sure to appear them track of the BBB’s web site. There are several unethical businesses who will be ready to fraud individuals who are in serious need of guidance. Do your homework to ensure your payday advance firm has a good reputation.
If you’re nearing the time as soon as your pay day loan has to be repaid, however they are brief on cash, check with the company to provide you with an extension. Payday advance businesses may possibly offer you a few working day extensions. Fully grasp, nonetheless, you will probably have to spend attention.
Understand that cash advance cons can be found. Many people may possibly imagine to become as when they are a payday loan company, nonetheless they only want to acquire your money and work. Once you’ve narrowed your options as a result of a number of businesses, have a look in the BBB’s website at better business bureau.org.
Before you take out that payday advance, make sure you do not have other options available to you. Online payday loans may cost you plenty in costs, so any other substitute could be a far better remedy for your general financial circumstances. Check out your mates, family as well as your financial institution and credit union to determine if you will find some other prospective alternatives you may make.
Regardless that you are required to meet up with a number of criteria and fill out a great deal of documents to get a payday loan, don’t just accept the process like every other consumer. Tend not to wait to question to talk with a manager and tire and deal to have far better terminology. Sometimes, companies are willing to make a deal in order to take care of your enterprise.
Be suspicious associated with a pay day loan firm which is not entirely at the start using their rates and fees, along with the timetable for pay back. Payday loan companies that don’t give you all the details at the start ought to be eliminated since they are probable ripoffs.
Steer clear of taking out a payday advance unless of course it is definitely an emergency. The exact amount that you simply pay in interest is quite large on these sorts of lending options, therefore it is not worth every penny in case you are buying one to have an every day explanation. Get yourself a bank financial loan should it be something which can wait around for a time.
An excellent suggestion for any individual looking to take out a cash advance is usually to avoid providing your details to lender corresponding web sites. Some cash advance websites match you with loan providers by sharing your details. This could be really high-risk and in addition direct to many spammy e-mail and undesired cell phone calls.
Paying down a cash advance as quickly as possible is always the easiest way to go. Paying it well immediately is always a very important thing to perform. Financing your loan by way of numerous extensions and paycheck periods allows the interest rate time and energy to bloat the loan. This will rapidly set you back repeatedly the total amount you lent.
Go through each of the fine print on everything you read through, indicator, or may well indication in a payday loan company. Inquire about something you do not fully grasp. Measure the self confidence of your solutions offered by the employees. Some basically browse through the motions all day long, and had been qualified by someone undertaking exactly the same. They may not know all the small print them selves. In no way be reluctant to call their cost-totally free customer care quantity, from in the retail store for connecting to someone with solutions.
Past expected and past due charges can create intensive sensations of hopelessness and lose faith. This article has possibly given the important information to produce the wisest economic decision you can such serious conditions.

Significant Payday Loans Info That Everyone Ought To Know

Get fast $ 200 in box loans.com Las Vegas Nevada no fax Get $700 tonight fast wire transfer. You can also apply instant $ 500 in box loans.com El Paso, TX no checking account .
Money… Sometimes it is a 5-notice word! If money is some thing, you will need even more of, you might like to look at a payday loan. Prior to jump in with the two ft, make sure you are generating the most effective decision for your situation. These write-up consists of information you may use when contemplating a cash advance.
Before you apply for a payday advance have your documentation to be able this will help the money company, they will likely require evidence of your wages, so they can evaluate what you can do to pay for the borrowed funds again. Handle things much like your W-2 develop from operate, alimony monthly payments or proof you will be acquiring Sociable Security. Get the best circumstance possible for your self with suitable documents.
Before you decide to choose a payday loan lender, be sure to appear them track of the BBB’s web site. There are several unethical businesses who will be ready to fraud individuals who are in serious need of guidance. Do your homework to ensure your payday advance firm has a good reputation.
If you’re nearing the time as soon as your pay day loan has to be repaid, however they are brief on cash, check with the company to provide you with an extension. Payday advance businesses may possibly offer you a few working day extensions. Fully grasp, nonetheless, you will probably have to spend attention.
Understand that cash advance cons can be found. Many people may possibly imagine to become as when they are a payday loan company, nonetheless they only want to acquire your money and work. Once you’ve narrowed your options as a result of a number of businesses, have a look in the BBB’s website at better business bureau.org.
Before you take out that payday advance, make sure you do not have other options available to you. Online payday loans may cost you plenty in costs, so any other substitute could be a far better remedy for your general financial circumstances. Check out your mates, family as well as your financial institution and credit union to determine if you will find some other prospective alternatives you may make.
Regardless that you are required to meet up with a number of criteria and fill out a great deal of documents to get a payday loan, don’t just accept the process like every other consumer. Tend not to wait to question to talk with a manager and tire and deal to have far better terminology. Sometimes, companies are willing to make a deal in order to take care of your enterprise.
Be suspicious associated with a pay day loan firm which is not entirely at the start using their rates and fees, along with the timetable for pay back. Payday loan companies that don’t give you all the details at the start ought to be eliminated since they are probable ripoffs.
Steer clear of taking out a payday advance unless of course it is definitely an emergency. The exact amount that you simply pay in interest is quite large on these sorts of lending options, therefore it is not worth every penny in case you are buying one to have an every day explanation. Get yourself a bank financial loan should it be something which can wait around for a time.
An excellent suggestion for any individual looking to take out a cash advance is usually to avoid providing your details to lender corresponding web sites. Some cash advance websites match you with loan providers by sharing your details. This could be really high-risk and in addition direct to many spammy e-mail and undesired cell phone calls.
Paying down a cash advance as quickly as possible is always the easiest way to go. Paying it well immediately is always a very important thing to perform. Financing your loan by way of numerous extensions and paycheck periods allows the interest rate time and energy to bloat the loan. This will rapidly set you back repeatedly the total amount you lent.
Go through each of the fine print on everything you read through, indicator, or may well indication in a payday loan company. Inquire about something you do not fully grasp. Measure the self confidence of your solutions offered by the employees. Some basically browse through the motions all day long, and had been qualified by someone undertaking exactly the same. They may not know all the small print them selves. In no way be reluctant to call their cost-totally free customer care quantity, from in the retail store for connecting to someone with solutions.
Past expected and past due charges can create intensive sensations of hopelessness and lose faith. This article has possibly given the important information to produce the wisest economic decision you can such serious conditions.

How You Can Tell If A Payday Loan Meets Your Needs

Get urgent $ 700 canada payday loans Atlanta Georgia no employment verification Get $700 tonight fast wire transfer. You can also apply fast $ 300 cashland online Chicago, IL within 1 hr .

In case you are worried about your financial circumstances, placed your mind confident. Payday cash loans will help you boost your financial situation. You simply need to learn how better to start using these personal loans that will help you. There are a few details you must know before you apply for such lending options, and below are great tips to help you.

Seek advice about fees. You might have no chance of understanding what you’re getting incurred if you do not request. Make sure the questions you have are clear and primary. It is not unheard of for individuals to indicator the contract, merely to know they are going to need to repay greater than they expected. You are able to stay away from issues like this if you see the small print and concern anything at all you may not comprehend.

Determine what APR means well before agreeing to some payday advance. APR, or once-a-year portion rate, is the quantity of curiosity the organization expenses about the financial loan when you are having to pay it rear. Though payday cash loans are fast and convenient, compare their APRs using the APR charged by a banking institution or perhaps your visa or mastercard business. More than likely, the pay day loan’s APR will likely be greater. Check with precisely what the paycheck loan’s rate of interest is very first, before you make a decision to acquire any money.

Should you be taking out that loan, consider to possess a reasonable amount of money to cover it back again inside the next month. If you miss out on repayments, this business can certainly still make an effort to get the things you owe them. Banks will evaluate NSF fees, and you are sure to incur higher debt for the loan provider. By ensuring that the amount of money is in your account, it is possible to hold everything manageable.

Be aware of the particular date that you have to have your loan repaid by. Rates of interest for payday cash loans are usually extremely high. Late charges are even increased. Therefore, be sure to can completely repay the borrowed funds on or just before your thanks date.

Remember to do the required analysis. This should help you to compare and contrast diverse loan providers, diverse prices, as well as other main reasons of your method. Assess different rates of interest. Even though it takes a lot more effort, your pocketbook will take pleasure in it later. You might even locate a internet site that gives you this kind of details easily.

If you are you have been taken benefit from from a payday loan company, report it instantly to the express authorities. When you delay, you might be negatively affecting your chances for any type of recompense. Also, there are numerous people such as you that need genuine support. Your revealing of those poor firms will keep other folks from experiencing very similar conditions.

Keep the individual protection in your mind when you have to actually go to a payday financial institution. These areas of business handle huge sums of money and they are normally in financially impoverished areas of town. Try and only go to during daylight hours and playground in highly obvious spots. Get in when some other clients may also be close to.

Recognize you are supplying the payday loan usage of your own personal financial information and facts. That is wonderful when you notice the money put in! Nonetheless, they can also be creating withdrawals through your account. Be sure you feel safe with a firm possessing that type of use of your checking account. Know should be expected that they can use that gain access to.

Will not sign up for a cash advance for far more than you really can afford to pay back. There are a lot of loan providers that can provide greater than you will be asking for since which means you will have difficulty paying out them straight away. By providing a much bigger financial loan, they boost their chances of generating funds from you.

For those who have gainful work and need funds in a rush, a cash advance might be worth taking into consideration. Despite the fact that payday cash loans have high rates of interest, they will help you escape a financial jam. Keep your information and facts you discovered in your mind that will help you make smart alternatives with payday loans.

Athens – What To See And How To See It

[ad_1]

There are so many aspects of current civilization that were birthed in ancient Athens. Among these are theatre, philosophy, democracy, classical art and even the Olympic games. Athens is located on the southern coast of Greece and has existed for over 7,000 years providing a rich culture expressed in a diverse setting. The term diverse fits as you will find ancient relics and sites in some of the same areas where there are trendy boutiques and sidewalk cafes all mixed in together. This mixture of the very old and the new create a very unique experience provided nowhere in the world like it is provided in the ancient city of Athens. You will need to be sure your passport is up to day so if you need to add passport pages, be sure to go online and access a passport site to help you with this so you can be on you way.

World travel requires a passport but computers have simplified all passport needs. Even if you have to get an emergency passport, an online passport is available to help you. No one plans to have their travel documents lost or stolen but if this happens, help is as close as the nearest computer.

Athens is a city that contains many sites that make history come alive so this is certainly the ideal place for lovers of history to visit. High on top of the Acropolis you will find the Parthenon. This famous sight has earned the honor of being named as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Investigating these ruins takes you back to sights names in Greek Mythology related to gods and goddesses, the titans and many other mythological characters. Admission to this site also opens the Theatre of Dionysus, the Roman Agora and the Temple of Olympian Zeus to the traveler.

Being the birthplace of the performing arts, it is no wonder that the arts and culture are very important to the Athenians. While the National Gallery is certainly large and well known, many smaller art galleries populate the city. Athens is also host to approximately 148 theatres so if you are in the mood for a show, the difficult part will be which performance to see. Among the theatres is the famous Herodes Atticus Theatre.

Using a bike or even walking around this city is a wonderful way to see the sights. Green space is always welcome when you travel to big cities and the National Garden of Athens provides an exceptional treat. Within it can be found a small zoo, ponds with ducks, colorful flowers and beautiful landscape with no shortage of a shady tree to relax under and consider the sights of the day.

For those who would like to shop till your drop, your experience will be a little different in Athens. Rather than large malls and strip centers, you will find street vendors selling custom crafts rather than name brand items. Some of the most visited markets are found on Plaka, Kolonaki and Ermou Street. You will find endless selections of shoes, purses and jewelry if you visit here and the quality will certainly not disappoint you.

Authentic cuisine is always interesting in a foreign city and Athens is no exception to this rule. Known for their souvlaki, which is comprised of grilled meat, veggies and a special yogurt sauce, this Athenian staple is considered a treat by all who try it.

[ad_2]

Athens – Church of Agioi Theodoroi

[ad_1]

Crossing Odos Dragatsaniou, in the end stands the attractive medieval church of Agioi Theodoroi (St. Theodore), built on the site of a church founded in the ninth century, but in its present form dating from between 1050 and 1075. This small cruciform church with its high narrow dome, multiple roofs that lend it an air of rhythmic grace, narrow mullioned windows and decorated central door surmounted by arches, is a precious gem of eleventh century Byzantine architecture.

The earliest form of Byzantine churches was that of the basilica, a long rectangle divided by two or four ranges of columns into three or five naves. Later, during the 11th and 12th centuries, the plan changed to that of a Greek cross within a square, dominated by a dome constructed in brick and often combined with one or more subsidiary domes. The exterior walls consist of square-cut stone with thin brick surrounds and are enriched by bands of decoration, carving and the use of color. Few of these churches were large. Apart from St. Theodore, typical examples are the churches of Kapnikarea and St. Eleutherios.

The glory of the Byzantine church lies not so much in the architecture as to the ethereal beauty of its mosaics or frescoes. From the center of the principal dome Christ looks down upon the faithful and below Him are the Apostles. The Virgin appears in the half dome, while around the sanctuary are symbolic figures and emblems connected with the Eucharist. On the West wall opposite the chancel is the Last Judgement. Colored marble and similar material in the lower walls add to the resplendent beauty of the interior.

The liturgy of the Greek Orthodox Church requires separation of the altar from the laity. The altar is placed in a chancel screened from the congregation by the iconostasis, i.e. the screen dividing the sanctuary from the church proper. This is adorned with pictures of Christ, the Virgin, and Saints, and generally has three doors, the curtains of which are lowered while Mass is being celebrated. The chancel is flanked by the Prothesis, where the bread and wine for the Eucharist are prepared, and by the Diakonikon, or vestry.

In St. Theodore one can also notice the influence of the East on Byzantine art, which was prominent in the period from the mid-9th to mid-11th centuries, when Byzantine artists used a variety of Oriental motifs in their designs. It is probable that the design of pseudo-kufic characters (the script perfected during the 7th century by calligraphers in the city of Kafa, in present-day Iraq) that decorate the terracotta panel below the windows of the facade was inspired by the work of Arab craftsmen.

[ad_2]

The Acropolis – Athens, Goddess Athena

[ad_1]

Archaeologists tell us that the original city of Athens was situated on the Acropolis. Even in classical times, the Athenians still referred to this area as “the City.” The city of Athens and its patron goddess emerge into the light of history as inseparably coupled. In Mycenaean times each city was built around a central palace, and each palace was under the protection of its patron goddess. Athena was the goddess of the palace on the Acropolis. The names of the city and its goddess are essentially the same: Athena was Athens, and Athens was Athena. She was “The Athenian.” The ancient Athenians seem to have exhibited, during much of their history, precisely those virtues which they traditionally attributed to her. This may be because, when the Athenians imagined their goddess, they did so in their own image.

According to the myth, Zeus fell in love with a beautiful titaness, Metis (“Cunning Intelligence”). Although she repeatedly changed her shape to avoid his unwelcome attentions, as was his way, he persisted. In the end he caught up with her and raped her.

An oracle then announced that Metis would bear Zeus two children: first a daughter then, a son, and the son would be mightier than his father. Just as Zeus had once overthrown and dispossessed his own father, Chronos, so he was destined in his turn, to be overthrown by his own son. In a desperate attempt to avoid sharing his father’s fate, Zeus gave Metis a potion of drugged ambrosia, and then swallowed her whole.

Some time afterwards a terrible headache came upon him. In great pain, he sought the advice of Hermes, whose only suggestion was that Hephaestos, the smith of the gods, should open his head in order to allow the cause of his pain to escape. Zeus was so desperate that even this drastic remedy was preferable to doing nothing, and Hephaestos was duly summoned to cleave open Zeus’ head with his mighty axe. When he did so, to the astonishment of all the immortals, Athena sprang out with a great war-cry, fully-formed, wearing armour and bearing arms.

Zeus’ daughter not only became the patron of many arts at that time normally considered masculine preserves, such as ceramics, she was also credited with a distinctly unfeminine warlike nature. When the Olympian gods were faced with a titanic struggle against the giants, Athena played a major role in the war, defeating the giant Enkelados in single combat. She came to be depicted not merely as a virgin goddess, but, as an ancient Roman writer put it, as a virago: as a female capable of playing a leading role in a world dominated by men.

It came to be said that the reason for the birth of this goddess lay in a wager between Zeus and his consort, Hera, as to which of them could generate the better progeny entirely alone and unaided. By herself, Hera managed to produce only the crippled god, Hephaestos and a monster; while Zeus was able to bring forth, in Athena, one of the greatest of the Immortals.

This seems to have been a picturesque reference to a widespread belief, which was to appear later in the works of the philosopher Aristotle: that the father alone is responsible for generating his children, and for providing them with their inherited characteristics, and that their mother affords them nothing more than a temporary shelter and sustenance in her womb during her pregnancy.

This is a striking example of the strong climate of male chauvinism which dominated the early classical period in ancient Greece, which is very evident in myth and legend.

[ad_2]

Ancient History – Athens

[ad_1]

Archaeologists have found evidence that Athens has been inhabited from at least the fifth millennium BC. The site would have been attractive to early settlers for a number of reasons: its location in the midst of productive agricultural terrain; its closeness to the coast and the natural safe harbour of Piraeus; the existence of defensible high ground, the Acropolis (from akron and polis, or ‘city on the high ground’); and the proximity of a natural source of water on the north-west side of the Acropolis.

Traces of Mycenaean fortifications from the thirteenth century AC can still be seen on the Acropolis, including some foundations belonging to what must have been a palatial structure. The fortifications, known as the ‘Pelasgian’ walls (after the indigenous people believed to have built them before the arrival of the Greeks around 2000 BC), remained in use until the Persian Wars of 490-480 BC. One stretch behind the temple of Athena Nike appears to have been deliberately preserved in the Classical period.

There was a decline of Mycenaean society across the Greek world around the end of the twelfth century BC. Whether this was directly connected with the Trojan War (around 1184 BC), or the so-called Dorian Invasion thought to have taken place soon after this conflict, Athens does not appear to have succumbed to an attack. The Mycenaean royal family of Pylos is said to have taken refuge in Athens after their city’s fall to the Dorians. One of its members, Codros, became king of his adoptive city.

The collapse of Mycenaean civilization left Greece in political, economic and social decline, accompanied by loss of artistic skills, literacy and trade networks. The Mycenaean form of writing, known as Linear B, was completely forgotten, and the Greek alphabet did not emerge until the late eighth century BC as the new form of writing. At this time city states began to emerge throughout the Greek world, governed by oligarchies, or aristocratic councils. Thirteen kings ruled in Athens after Codros, until in 753 BC they were replaced by officials with a ten-year term, known as decennial archons, and in 683 BC by annually appointed eponymous archons.

Conflict between the oligarchs and the lower classes, many of whom had been reduced to slavery, led to a series of reforms that paved the way for the emergence of the world’s first true democracy. Around 620 BC the lawmaker Dracon set up wooden tablets on the Acropolis known as axones. These were inscribed with civil laws and punishments so harsh that the death penalty was prescribed even for minor crimes, giving rise to the term `draconian’ which is still used today. Dracon’s intervention did little to ensure order, prompting representatives of the nobles and lower classes in 594 BC to appoint the statesman and poet Solon as archon.

Solon terminated aristocratic rule, setting up a representational government where participation was determined not by lineage or bloodline, but wealth. He eliminated slavery based on debt, and restituted freedom and land to those who had been enslaved. Solon created a `Council of Four Hundred’ from equal numbers of representatives of the Ionian tribes to which the Athenians claimed to belong, and instituted four classes of citizenry.

Peisistratos, Solon’s younger cousin, became tyrant (tyrannos) of Athens in 545 BC. He ensured the Solonian constitution was respected and governed benevolently. After Peisistratos’ death, however, things took a negative turn and anti-Peisistratid sentiment grew. By 510 BC King Cleomenes of Sparta was asked to assist in deposing Peisistratos’ son Hippias. Hippias sought refuge in Persia at the court of King Darius.

Soon after, the aristocrat Cleisthenes promised to institute further reforms giving a more direct role to citizens in government. His reforms were passed in 508 BC, and democracy was established in Athens. A new `Council of Five Hundred’ (the Boule) replaced the ‘Council of Four Hundred’, with equal representation from the various tribes. Cleisthenes is also credited with instituting the system of ostracism, which ‘voted’ an individual considered dangerous to democracy into exile for ten years.

It is uncertain when the former Mycenaean citadel was transformed into a sacred precinct but by the late eighth century BC a modest temple (or perhaps more than one) stood on the plateau. The oldest and holiest cult image on the Acropolis was the statue of Athena Polias (Protectress of the City), a crude olive-wood figure, so old that Athenians of the Classical period believed it had either fallen from heaven or been made by Cecrops or Erichthonios. This sacred image of Athena was ritually ‘dressed’ every year in a peplos, a sacred robe, as part of the Panathenaic festival.

A temple is thought to have been built around 700 BC to the south of the later, Classical Erechtheion, to house the statue of Athena Polias. The first major building of which there are significant remains on the Acropolis was the so-called ‘Bluebeard Temple’, built in the Archaic period around 560 BC. The ‘Bluebeard Temple’ is thought by some to have stood to the south of the later Erechtheion. Ancient texts mention a mysterious building or precinct contemporary to the ‘Bluebeard Temple’, called the Hecatompedon, or ‘Hundred-footer’. Whatever this structure or place was, it gave its name to the principal room of the Classical Parthenon, perhaps because the later building occupies the same site.

With the expulsion of Hippias a new temple was built on the Acropolis, its foundations still visible to the south of the later Erechtheion. This building, the Archaios Naos, or ‘ancient temple’, is likely to have been deliberately commissioned around 506 BC as a replacement for the ‘Bluebeard Temple’.

The first Persian invasion of 490 BC saw the victory of the Athenians at the battle of Marathon against the forces of King Darius of Persia. The following year the elated Athenians leveled an area on the south side of the Acropolis and began construction of the Old Parthenon. A new gateway to the Acropolis was also commenced, known as the Old Propylaia.

This post-Marathonian building program on the Acropolis came to a violent end in 480 BC when Xerxes, son of King Darius, led a second Persian invasion of Greece. Athens had to be evacuated and Xerxes razed the city and buildings on the Acropolis. Under the command of Themistocles, the Athenians destroyed the Persian fleet in the battle of Salamis. Victory over the Persians was ensured after the battle of Plataea (479 BC), to the northwest of Athens, when a combined Greek army annihilated the Persians.

In the aftermath of the battle of Plataea, a vow was made by the victors never to rebuild the shrines that were destroyed in the war, preserving them instead as memorials for later generations.

Pericles, who was a general and statesman, came to power in Athens around 461 BC. He considered the oath of Plataea to have been fulfilled, as thirty years had elapsed from the Persian invasion, and proceeded to reconstruct the temples on the Acropolis. He gathered together the best architects and artists in the city and plans were drawn up to erect new buildings that would outshine those torn down by the Persians. The Periclean building programme enhanced the lower city with new monuments, such as the Temple of Hephaestus, also known as the Theseion, and the Painted Stoa or Poikile situated near the Agora (marketplace).

[ad_2]

Athens – The Destination

[ad_1]

Athens was named after Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom, which is certainly fitting for the birthplace itself. Evidence of its ancient heyday is everywhere, in the remnants of monuments, statuary and sacred sites that are still revered as survivors of one of history’s most important eras.

A Poseidon adventure in art

In Greek mythology, Poseidon is the god of sea, so it is only fitting that the astoundingly wrought bronze statue of him was raised from the bottom of the Aegean Sea, where it lay for centuries after a shipwreck off the Cape of Artemision. The two-meter tall figure stands with arms extended and leaning forward on its left leg. The right hand once held a trident, and the unknown sculptor clearly was a master in accurately duplicating the complicated balancing act that goes into the seemingly simple motion of throwing a spear.

This work of art is one of the many stunning bronzes at the National Archeological Museum in Athens. The museum’s collection – which includes pieces that date all the way back to the prehistoric period – offers the best collection of Greek art in the world. Renovations closed the museum for a year and half, but it was reopened just in time for the 2004 Olympic Games.

At 260 feet above the city, the Acropolis (“high city”) is not only the highest point in Athens, but for many people it is the high point of any visit to Greece. It is the oldest known settlement in Greece and was a sacred site for ancient Athenians.

During the period of 448 to 420 B.C., the distinguished Athenian statesman Pericles commissioned the construction of four new monuments on the Acropolis at the site of former ruins. The Athenian sculptor Phidias presided over the construction and interior design. The Ionic Erechtheum includes the Porch of Caryatids, with its column in the shape of monumental female figures that identify remains a mystery. The Ionic Temples of Athena Nike, dedicated to the cult of Athena as the goddess of victory, was built during the Peloponnesian War, its frieze depicts the Greek victory over the Persians in the battle of Plataea. The Propylaea, the gateway to the Acropolis with rows of both Doric and Ionic columns, replaced an earlier version destroyed by the Persians. And of course, the Acropolis remains home to what’s left of the Parthenon.

The Parthenon, designed by architects Iktinos and Kallikrates, took 15 years to complete. It was the closest to Pericles’ heart: Among various friezes depicting life among gods, the large statue of Athena represented his homage to the goddess and to the greatness of Athens.

Even in A.D. 131, savvy developers like the Roman Emperor Hadrian recognized the importance of signage. “This is the city of Hadrian and not of Theseus,” reads the inscription on Hadrian’s arch, situated at the foot of the Acropolis and once the marker between Hadrianopolis and the Athens city limits. The side facing the Acropolis and ancient Athens reads, ” This is Athens, the city of Theseus.”

Like all the surrounding monuments and the Athens infrastructure itself, Hadrian’s Arch has undergone a major facelift. The 60-foot high archway, constructed of Pentelic marble, upheld by columns with Corthinian capitals and topped by a series of Corinthians columns, lost a bit of structural stability in the mid-18th century, when 8 of its columns were removed.

Restorers shored up the arch, cleaned away centuries of pollution and repaired its cracks, just in time for the 2004 Olympic Games.

The Evzones

The Evzones were once the elite soldiers of the Greek army. Today they are the presidential guards, a ceremonial unit that maintains watch over The Parliament, The Presidential Mansion and The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. The soldiers wear a traditional and highly photogenic uniform comprising a scarlet cap with a long black tassel, a cotton tunic, black knee tassels above white stockings, red clogs with black pompons and a woolen kilt called a fustanella. The fustanella has 400 pleats, one for each year that the Greeks were on the occupation of the Ottoman Empire. Bearing leather cartridge belts and rifles with a bayonet, the soldiers maintain strict physical discipline as they stand at attention and resist tourists’ attempts to distract them.

A changing of guard is performed daily before the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, but on Sundays, the complete ceremony – involving an army band and dozens of soldiers – is conducted.

Alice in Wonderland

Imagine Alice in Wonderland’s tumble into a magical world, and you will have an idea what this-off-beaten-path attraction in the Village of Paiania is like. Far larger than a rabbit hole, Koutouki Cave is a natural wonder that will awe you with its colors and formations. In 1926, a goat disappeared from its herd where it was grazing on the slope of Mount Ymittos. A search turned up a small crevice, and a brave soul descended by rope into the abyss below. The goat had not survived the fall, but its intended rescuer returned with a story of a beautiful underground chamber.

The vertical cave consists of a 38.5 meter shaft that opens onto a large cavern with a diameter of about 60 meters. Guided tours take visitors in through a man-made entrance and lead them on a path through stalactites and stalagmites formed by mineral deposits from water seeping through the limestone of the mountain. The tour ends with a light show accompanied by classical music. It’s just a short taxi ride from Athens to nearby Paiania.

[ad_2]

Seeing the Sights of Athens Through Taxi Tours

[ad_1]

There is no denying how Athens is one of the most important sites in the world for political, economic and aesthetic advancement and enhancement. For many people, it IS the most significant place in the world, period. And this birthplace of western philosophy seems to have fanned its mysticism throughout the ages. Today, Athens is still one of the most visited sites in the world. Many people want to retrace the footsteps of famous philosophers, writers and artists. Not to mention that Athens has a rugged beauty that merits separate praise.

This busy city is made up of twelve hills, seven of which play a historical role in Athens’ rise. Acropolis and Lycavittos are the two most prominent as it is where most of the important historical landmarks such as the Parthenon, Temple of Athena, Theatre of Dionysius and Temple of Olympian Zeus is found. Being made up of seven hills though, Athens is a difficult place to tour if you’re planning to do it via foot. Unless you plan to isolate yourself to a particular section throughout your trip, let’s say in Acropolis, for example, then conquering it via foot would be fine. But if you want an overall tour of the area, trekking it just won’t do especially when there’s a time element involved. You can rely on their Metro train system which is quite effective and cheap to boot. One can take you to the city center for €6. For those traveling in groups, there are packages for three or more which can be purchased in the different stations. Buses and a suburban railway system will also do.

However if comfort and convenience is a priority, then taking an Athens taxi is the best mode of transportation whilst in the area. You can get one in advance prior to arriving so an itinerary can be planned for you. Getting a package in advance will also garner you discounts. Should you decide to get one from the airport though, you will be paying €30-35 for the single ride and you can negotiate for a taxi tour from there. Taxi tours in Athens is one of the easiest ways to go around in the area. Overall price will depend on what you and your driver will agree to. Be careful when flagging taxis. Some of them may take advantage that you’re a tourist and will not flag down their meters in hopes for getting a bulk price. There are also tariffs involved. Make sure that the Tariff is Tariff 1. Tariff 2 doubles the rate and is applicable after midnight. Make sure to read the driver well. If you think the rate is abnormally high, then check with an English-speaking local to confirm the price.

Make sure also that you’re getting taxis from a reliable company. Although canary yellow taxis are very common in Athens, you will have no hold if the driver tries to fraud you whereas a taxi that hails under a company will be more careful. As common practice, taxis follow two rates, one that applies inside the city limits including the airport and one that applies outside of it. The minimum fare of Rate 1 is €1 while the minimum fare of Rate 2 is €2.65. If you’re from the airport, the fare will start at €3.20 and if there’s heavy luggage involved then a minimum rate will be added to that too.

Taxi tours can be quite tricky but many attest that it’s all worth it considering you get to see the sights of Athens at your own time and pace.

[ad_2]